Few-cycle laser pulse generation and its applications



Publisher: Springer in Berlin, New York

Written in English
Cover of: Few-cycle laser pulse generation and its applications |
Published: Pages: 448 Downloads: 992
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Subjects:

  • Laser pulses, Ultrashort,
  • Laser beams

Edition Notes

StatementFranz X. Kärtner (ed.).
SeriesTopics in applied physics,, v. 95
ContributionsKärtner, Franz X.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQC689.5.L37 F49 2004
The Physical Object
Paginationxiv, 448 p. :
Number of Pages448
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3314138M
ISBN 103540201157
LC Control Number2004104066
OCLC/WorldCa56670697

This Field Guide provides the essential information on laser pulse generation, including Q switching, gain switching, mode locking, and the amplification of ultrashort pulses to high energies. Pulse characterization is also covered, along with the physical aspects and various technical limitations.   The generation of few-cycle laser pulses proved to be a key enabling technology in strong-field physics and ultrafast science. The question naturally arises whether one can induce few-cycle.   Laser notes pdf 1. Subject: Engineering Physics (PHY-1) Common For All Branches Unit: LASER Syllabus: Spontaneous and stimulated emissions, Laser action, characteristics of laser beam-concepts of coherence, He-Ne and semiconductor lasers (simple ideas), applications. A simple model is introduced for the fields of a chirped laser pulse. As an application, dynamics of laser-acceleration of a single electron by the fields of a pulse, with a sin4 envelope, is investigated. Multi-GeV energy gains from interaction with pulses of peak intensity I0~ W/cm2, are reported.

Fe2+:ZnSe is an ideal material for mid-IR laser pulse generation because of its large saturable absorption cross-section and small saturation energy along with the excellent opto-mechanical (damage threshold ∼2 J/cm2) and physical characteristics of the crystalline ZnSe host.   A graphene-based all-fibre laser for few-cycle light pulses. Graphene-based mode-locked lasers have been demonstrated before, but it is the use of . results. The initial few-cycle laser field is of a Gaus-sian beam with the waist size of w0 = µm (1/e2) at center wavelength of µm, duration of τ = 10 fs in full width at half maximum (FWHM) and pulse energy of µJ. By optimizing the initial CEP of the driving few-cycle laser field to be ϕ0 = . CHAPTER 7. LASERS of the four level laser, see Figure If the relaxation rate γ10 is very fast compared to γ21, where the laser action should occur inversion can be achieved, i.e. N2 > the four level laser the relaxation rate γ32 should also be fast in comparison to γThese systems are easy to analyze in the rate.

Surface plasmon enhanced electron acceleration is a recently discovered efficient particle acceleration phenomenon in the nanoscale-confined field of surface electromagnetic waves. For the generation and spatial/spectral control of keV-energy electrons generated, this way few-cycle laser pulses can be utilized particularly well. unique blend of physical, laser, and NL optical parameters of polycrystalline Cr2:ZnS that allows for direct generation and amplification of few-cycle pulses in the range of 2–3 μm [21,22]. The main advantages of this laser medium include: very broad spectral bandwidth (– μm), high laser . Applications. Pulsed Nd:YAG and Er:YAG lasers are used in laser tattoo removal and laser range finders among other applications.. Pulsed lasers are also used in soft-tissue surgery. When a laser beam comes into contact with soft-tissue, one important factor is to not overheat surrounding tissue, so necrosis can be prevented. Laser pulses must be spaced out to allow for efficient tissue cooling. Whereas e.g. a 1-ns pulse still has a length of ≈ 30 cm in air, the shortest pulses which can be generated directly with a laser – with a duration of roughly 5 fs – have a spatial length of just μm in air or vacuum. This corresponds to only a few wavelengths, or temporally a few optical cycles (few-cycle .

Few-cycle laser pulse generation and its applications Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book covers the physics, technology and applications of short pulse laser sources that generate pulses with durations of only a few optical cycles. The basic design considerations for the different systems such as lasers, parametric amplifiers and external compression techniques which have emerged over the last decade are discussed to give Cited by: Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications (Topics in Applied Physics (95)) Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed.

Edition by Franz X. Kärtner (Editor) ISBN This book covers the physics, technology and applications of short pulse laser sources that generate pulses with durations of only a few optical cycles. The basic design considerations for the different systems such as lasers, parametric amplifiers and external compression techniques which have.

This book covers the physics and technology of short pulse laser sources that generate pulses with widths of only a few optical cycles. The basic design considerations for the different systems, such as lasers, parametric amplifiers and external compression techniques, which have emerged over the last decade, are discussed to give researchers and graduate students a thorough introduction to.

Get this from a library. Few-cycle laser pulse generation and its applications. [Franz X Kärtner;] -- This book covers the physics and technology of short pulse laser sources that generate pulses with widths of only a few optical cycles.

The basic design considerations for the different systems, such. This book covers the physics, technology and applications of short pulse laser sources that generate pulses with durations of only a few optical cycles. The basic design considerations for the different systems such as lasers, parametric amplifiers and external compression techniques which have emerged over the last decade are discussed to give researchers and graduate students a thorough Reviews: 1.

Read "Few‐cycle laser pulse generation and its applications. Edited by Franz X. Kärtner. Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 95, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, pages, figures, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.

Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications (Topics in Applied Physics Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App.

Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device : Franz X. KSrtner. This book discusses aspects of laser pulses generation, characterization, and practical applications.

Some new achievements in theory, experiments, and design are demonstrated. The introductive chapter shortly overviews the physical principles of pulsed lasers operation with pulse durations from seconds to yoctoseconds. A theory of mode-locking, based on the optical noise concept, is discussed.

few-cycle Inc. is a young Canadian spin-off company developing optical technologies for ultrafast laser aim is to redefine optical parametric amplification through the protected FOPA technology. We also offer unique complementary femtosecond laser upgrades based on adaptable hollow-core fiber systems for pulse compression and other novel optical systems.

Get this from a library. Few-cycle laser pulse generation and its applications. [Franz X Kärtner; LINK (Online service);] -- This book covers the physics and technology of short pulse laser sources that generate pulses with widths of only a few optical cycles. The basic design considerations for the different systems, such.

In book: Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications (pp) Authors: Franz Kärtner. There are also other applications where timing jitter of SC directly impacts the achievable. Book Description. Covering high-energy ultrafast amplifiers and solid-state, fiber, and diode lasers, this reference examines recent developments in high-speed laser technology.

It presents a comprehensive survey of ultrafast laser technology, its applications, and. Ultrashort laser pulses with durations in the femtosecond range up to a few picoseconds provide a unique method for precise materials processing or medical applications.

Paired with the recent developments in ultrashort pulse lasers, this technology is finding its way into various application fields. Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation And Its Applications 作者: Kartner, Franz X. (EDT) 出版社: Springer Verlag 页数: 定价: 装帧: HRD ISBN: 豆瓣评分.

Franz X. KSrtner, "Few-cycle Laser Pulse Generation and its Applications" English | | ISBN: | PDF | pages: | mb. Preview this book» What people are This activity includes ultrashort-pulse generation and applications, development of laser resonators and mode-selection techniques, laser applications in biology and medicine, and development of solid-state lasers.

Professor Svelto is the author of more than scientific papers and his researches have Reviews: 1. By exploiting these optical properties, we numerically demonstrate the generation of few-cycle laser pulses at nm wavelength by means of higher-order soliton effect compression.

KW - Few-cycle pulse. KW - photonic quasi-crystal fiber. KW - Dispersion. KW - Nonlinearity. U2 - /_ DO - /_ The invention of chirped pulse amplification technique by Strickland and Mourou in has boosted the peak power of ultrashort laser pulses to an unprecedented level, which have found broad applications in fundamental science, industry and medicine.

However, such high power lasers are usually obta. Ultrashort high-energy laser pulses in the 3–8 μm mid-infrared spectral range are of particular interest because of their role in high harmonic generation 1,2,3, filamentation 4,5,6, unusual regimes for nonlinear optical phenomena 7 and particle acceleration applications benefit from the extended oscillation period of the driving electromagnetic field and require, besides the long.

Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications. In Franz X Kärtner, editor, Few-Cycle Pulses by External Compression, pages Springer-Verlag, With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, this important book summarizes international achievements in the field of laser applications in medicine in the past 50 years.

It provides a valuable contribution to laser medicine by outstanding experts in medicine and engineering.

High-power ultrashort laser pulses with durations as short as a few optical cycles are now available as research tools [1,2] (see also the recent review article [3], and references therein).

While a long monochromatic laser pulse is completely characterized by its frequency, amplitude, and polarization, a short pulse requires.

Abstract. The generation of ever shorter pulses is a key to exploring the dynamic behavior of matter on ever shorter timescales. Recent developments have pushed the duration of laser pulses close to its natural limit, to the wave cycle, which lasts somewhat longer than one femtosecond (1 fs = 10 –15 s) in the visible spectral range.

Time-resolved measurements with these pulses are able to. We demonstrate nonlinear pulse compression based on recently introduced highly coherent broadband supercontinuum (SC) generation in all-normal dispersion photonic crystal fiber (ANDi PCF).

The special temporal properties of the octave-spanning SC spectra generated with 15 fs, nJ pulses from a Ti:Sapphire oscillator in a mm fiber piece allow the compression to fs high quality pulses.

We have performed a systematic study through particle-in-cell simulations to investigate the generation of attosecond pulse from relativistic laser plasmas when laser pulse duration approaches the few-cycle regime. A significant enhancement of attosecond pulse energy has been found to depend on laser pulse duration, carrier envelope phase, and plasma scale length.

general two-color laser scheme (ω + 2ω), gas ionization by few-cycle laser field inducing ultra-broadband THz genera-tion (generally including THz to MIR frequency range) can be interpreted in terms of both the intra-pulse FWM and the PC models for a point-like plasma [22, 26].

Intra-pulse FWM model and its theoretical analysis. A team led by researchers from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), Laser-Laboratorium Göttingen (LLG), and Active Fiber Systems (AFS) has generated multi-millijoule three-cycle pulses at a W average power level.

1 These results mark a significant milestone in few-cycle laser technology, paving the way towards industrial applications. In this work, we perform 2D PIC simulations on LWFA using few-cycle, high power (5–15 TW) laser systems with λ laser ranging from to 10 μ m.

Such few-cycle systems are currently under development, aiming at Gas High Harmonics Generation applications, where the favorable λ laser 2 scaling extends the range of the XUV photon energies.

Ultrafast laser pulses of only a few optical cycles in length interact with matter in unique ways — a phenomenon that could, if pushed beyond the research lab, be of great benefit to industry (for example, in materials processing).

Now, a team of researchers from Active Fiber Systems GmbH (AFS; Jena, Germany), the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI. Although the first few-cycle pulses were produced about 30 years ago, they could only be used in cutting-edge science e.g.

for time-resolved studies or attosecond pulse generation. The fiber laser field continued to grow in s, aided with fruitful and abundant experimental and theoretical results, gave rise to a large variety of fiber lasers, not only emitting at different wavelengths and with different pulse duration and energies, but also exploiting different physical mechanisms of pulse generation.

Book Search tips Selecting this option will search all publications across the Scitation platform Selecting this Intense single attosecond pulse generation from near-critical-density plasmas irradiated by a few-cycle laser pulse plasmas irradiated by a few-cycle laser pulse is investigated theoretically and numerically.

Due to the.